Evan Exaud

Evan Exaud
“I’m a believer of classical liberal ideas, I wish nothing other than a free and prosperous society.”

From Tanzania
Founder & Executive Director at Liberty Sparks
Former Regional Director at Students For Liberty
Former Education and projects supervisor at Uhuru Initiative for Policy Education – UIPE
Former General Secretary at Salama Foundation
Former Chairperson at Youth of United Nation Chapter

JE: Hi, Evan, tell me about Liberty Sparks… What do you do there?
EE: We educate young people and the general public on economic, social, and political liberty by emphasizing public policies on the principles of rule of law, Individual rights, limited government, free-market, and Property rights.
JE: How do you do that?
EE: We arrange, organize, and coordinate conferences, seminars, workshops, outreach, dialogue, debates, training, and forums that aim to promote liberty and human prosperity for a flourishing society.
JE: That’s a lot.
EE: We also publish and circulate, sometimes gratuitously, reports, periodicals, journals, books, pamphlets, leaflets, and other documents concerning the right to own property, the free market, limited government, rule of law, peace, and harmony.
JE: You are a thinktank?
EE: We assemble teams of experts to research the problems of the country and to offer policymakers, and media constructive options for improvement.
We also run a broadcasting and media business to establish a research center, teaching center, and other outreach centers for the advancement of liberal ideas and cultural development in collaboration with other learning institutions in Tanzania and the world at large.

Erica Dahl

Erica Dahl
Cook at Bellaire Lanes & Games
Went to Bellaire Middle/High School
Lives in Bellaire, Michigan
JE: Many libertarians in Michigan?
ED: We have a few. I saw a Veripoll map where the state turned to gold because of so many Jo votes.
JE: Veripoll map?
ED: It’s an online poll that posts their results every few weeks in map form.
JE: I will have to check it out…
ED: It’s veripoll.net
JE: How are you involved in the movement there?
ED: Mostly just sharing stuff on social media. I met with the political director of the northern Michigan chapter and she invited me to meetings but the schedule conflicts with my work so I never get to go.
JE: What kind of stuff do you share? How do you share it?
ED: I’m in Jo Jorgensen groups so I just share stuff from there with Facebook.
JE: Jo Jorgensen Facebook groups?
ED: Yea, there’s a bunch of them.
JE: Then you just share it on your timeline or your wall?
ED: Yea
JE: How did you become Libertarian, Erica?
ED: I first got intrigued during the Johnson campaign in 2016. I was sick of the red and blue choices so I looked into something different and discovered that I aligned most with the ideology of the platform.
JE: What were your concerns about libertarianism?
ED: I guess the biggest one is being able to enforce “equal rights for all” without government interference. I know there’s plenty of bigots out there who enjoy discriminating against others, just not sure how to stop them from trampling on another’s rights
JE: What rights are you talking about? Give me an example?
ED: Equal pay for women, anti-LGBTQ bosses, places refusing to serve people of a certain color.. if we don’t have government protections for those things, how will they be guaranteed?
JE: That is a hard one… what do you think? In a world like that, I would surely hire black lesbians!
ED: I’m all for small government but I do believe we have some laws in place already that help that issue. We would just have to not repeal those laws. My biggest fear is that the civil rights movement will be overturned in extremism
In a perfect world, we wouldn’t need those laws because society would come together and boycott any business who tried to run with discriminatory practices and put them out of business.
But that would be in a perfect world. Some of the ideology is just slightly unrealistic, but I still agree with most of it
JE: I’m sure you have heard the “libertarian” arguments. Any other concerns?
ED: Not really. My lack of faith is mostly in the human race, not the party itself.
JE: Do you think we should change the platform, or just make it our lowest priority?
ED: The platform has stayed consistent throughout the years which is one of the things that attracted me to the party in the first place. I don’t like flip-floppers who change their views based on popularity.
JE: Yes, let’s leave that till last… and see what happens. We have enough to keep us busy.
ED: We all know the change couldn’t happen overnight anyway.. liberty is a long slow process from where we are now. Lots of sheep still need to be woken up.
JE: Just what is the process? how do we wake up those sheep?
ED: It starts with winning the election and getting more tripartisan people in Congress, both at the federal and state levels. My ticket will be straight gold this year unless there’s no Libertarian candidate, then I’ll vote Green or some other independent if I have to. The process begins with a systematic overhaul of our representatives.
JE: My best ROI has been voting with my feet. I moved from California to Texas… Texas is freer. There is a difference between New York and Florida! The next move might be New Hampshire or Florida.
ED: I see. Michigan is a swing state because we have a lot of liberals in the metro areas downstate and a lot of conservatives up north in the rural areas. Lately, I’ve noticed a lot more are gravitating towards the middle.
And I believe we get 17 electoral votes so if we capture the middle that’s nothing to sneeze at.
JE: What would you do if you became President?
ED: I could never be president but first I would demilitarize the police, abolish the ATF and end Qualified Immunity. That would solve a lot of the civil unrest. Pardon all nonviolent drug offenders, make Victimless crimes a thing of the past.
JE: Yes, this civil unrest has given us a great opportunity! Only 10% actually get a trial!
ED: That’s not justice.
JE: Not really constitutional, I would guess
ED: No I don’t think it is.
JE: Civil asset forfeiture, bail, plea bargaining, qualified immunity, abolish police unions, an organization called “Cure Violence,” decriminalize drugs or make it a lower priority, Non sworn traffic enforcement. A civilian takes a picture of your license plate… you get a ticket in the mail… fewer traffic stops… “Organic” speed limits, speed limits are artificially low, sometimes to generate income. and Roundabouts instead of traffic lights.
ED: I hate roundabouts. I avoid them at all costs cuz they’re a pain. The rest I can get on board with.
JE: Yes, many folks feel that way, hehe
ED: Luckily there’s only a couple in my area and I don’t go that way if I can help it. My town is so small we have one flashing red and yellow intersection downtown and that’s it.
JE: Whoever voted for traffic lights anyway, T junctions are safer anyway?
ED: No idea but I’m sure there are fewer accidents than before they had them.
JE: I have no idea.
ED: We’ve got a lot of stop signs that work pretty well.
JE: The first electric traffic light using red and green lights was invented in 1912 by Lester Farnsworth Wire, a police officer in Salt Lake City, Utah, according to Family Search.
JE: Do you have any advice for new libertarians or the curious?
ED: I guess once I really think about it I do have some advice for the newcomers. The hardest part for me to get over was the “wasted vote” fallacy. I would tell them to ignore those naysayers and vote their conscience anyway. After all, the only truly wasted vote is one not cast in good conscience.

Bola-Ige Alabi-Efeshodiamhe

Bola-Ige Alabi-Efeshodiamhe
National Coordinator at World Youth Alliance Africa, Global Ambassador at Ayn Rand Institute Global and Regional Leader at Paytomat by Deep Dive Research
Studied Public Relations Studies at Nigeria Institute of Public Relations (NIPR) Lagos, Nigeria.
Lives in Lagos, Nigeria

John: How is the movement in Nigeria?
BA: We are trying. Just need support (intellectual, advisory, etc) as a startup organization in a choked socialist and communist environment like Africa.
We need a volunteer Board of Advisors at the moment.

John: What is your vision?
BA: Personally, my vision is to witness a freer African society. Politically, I and my team are in the process of registering the Libertarian Party in Nigeria (first in Africa soil).
We are filing for registration in a couple of months once we raised the #1,000,000 (equivalent $2,750) registration fee demanded by the Electoral Commission in-charge of party registration.
With African Objectivist Movement (AOM), we aim to advance freedom and liberty through educational awareness, advocacy, dialogue, and discussions about the ideas of liberty, freedom, and Objectivism; leading to free, prosperous and peaceful society where limited governments defend the rule of law.
We move around teaching Ayn Rand’s philosophy of Objectivism by organizing speaker events, discussion groups, and other activities. I love that interaction.

John: How did you become Libertarian, sir?
BA: The journey of my Libertarianism and Objectivism started back in my High school days in 1997 after reading through Ayn Rand book “Fountainhead” and participated in an essay with it.
I later ended up reading some of her other publications. I joined Students for Liberty in 2013, served as Campus Coordinator, Local Representative, and African Director of Branding and Success Stories until I became alumni in April 2019.
I started the first Objectivist Campus Club in Africa while I was in University and I have been teaching Ayn Rand, Frederick Bastiat, Mises, Hayek, Reed, and publications about Libertarianism across African campuses.
Now the Libertarian movement is growing quickly throughout Africa.

John: Yes, the movement is blooming in Africa… as well as some of the economies.
BA: Recently, I come across a poll where Jo is ahead of Trump and Biden. How I wish Americans will make it real in November.

John: Yes, I am excited about the election… What seems to be working in Africa? Where is your best ROI?
BA: Return on Investment? This is not to make money sir. My interest is to see my society with freedom and liberty. The need to end authoritarianism in Africa is what is moving my actions

John: I understand… I thought maybe your funds were limited…
BA: O’ yes, very limited at the moment. Our members used to contribute voluntarily to our activities.

John: How do you measure results?
BA: We measure results based on acceptance and changing the climate of ideas.

John: How do you measure those things?
BA: Presently, we have launched chapters in 16 African countries, members of the chapters independently have executives, organize programs and events, and report back for updates.
We have a website with a link to each country chapters in South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Niger, Togo, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Cameroon, DR Congo, Guinea, Zimbabwe, Gambia, Zambia, Kenya, etc
We receive monthly updates of activities from our National chapters and numerous campus chapters, with updates on the website, before it went down recently due to the inability to renew the web hosting right.
Even with inability to host in-person events due to global pandemic, our chapters and members are organizing webinars and virtual events to teach the idea of freedom almost every week as it applies to a time like this, to impact the society with our mission.
Also, the reports and feedback we are getting from participants and audience at our programs both in-person and virtual, the media coverage we received, how government and its officials debate about our ideology and the agenda we are setting with the idea of liberty and freedom across Africa are proving the outcome that new idea is in town, and Authoritarian socialist and communist lifestyle are on their toes. And we just started.

John: Do you have any advice for new libertarians and the curious?
BA: My advice to new libertarians and the curious is to be open to learning about the idea of freedom and liberty. There is much to learn, most importantly for the African because Libertarianism is still new in Africa.
Africa has been an authoritarian environment under Socialism and Communism for close to 100 years, and the majority do not know that there is something like Libertarianism.
So, some of us that are Libertarian and the curious need to learn widely and be grounded in the idea. Then, the need to keep pushing for policy debate, publicity, awareness, etc should be common in our activities for now.
With this, I believe we can start making an impact on the idea of liberty in a few years to come.

John: Do you have any advice for discouraged long time libertarians?
BA: Discouraged long-time libertarians should wake up to reality. It is not easy to suddenly change the idea that has been in operation for ages. They should renew effort in advancing Libertarianism, in the end, their impact will be felt with a change in the climate of ideas from an authoritarian environment to a free society.

Josh Rawdon

Josh Rawdon
Lives in New Franklin, Ohio
Founder at Veterans for Libertarianism
Former Northeast Regional Coordinator at Ohio Libertarians
JE: What is “Veterans for Libertarianism?”
JR: It’s my page that I have been running since 2012. It’s intended to be a page for veterans, but everyone is welcome.
JE: I am going through that Atlas Network training program. Advice on how to build a Facebook page?
JR: I don’t know if I’m the best source, on that issue, lol. I’ve been running the page since 2010 and I still have just under 6,000 fans. During the Johnson campaign, we did a few “sponsored posts” (bought advertisements from Facebook) and it definitely helped very quickly.
JE: Do you still have an ad budget? I was chair of Brazos county… now I am trying to build up its page…
JR: No, I just run the page as a hobby, instead of a blog or something. Even when we bought ads, it was only for $50-100 or so for a week at a time. If I recall correctly, “boosting” posts was the best bang for the buck. For about $5 you could get your post in front of thousands of eyes.
JE: I see… Many Libertarians in New Franklin, Ohio?
JR: The page you shared is a Group, so I don’t know if you can boost posts or create ads. The page I run is a political page, which is treated a little differently. There are a few here, but it’s a pretty strong MAGA country.
JE: What do you think of MAGA country?
JR: I pretty much mind my own business like a good libertarian, so I don’t care too much what anyone else around me thinks politically, lol.
JE: I understand… so your involvement is mainly with your Facebook page and not “on the ground” locally?
JR: That’s correct. We tried to start a Summit County Libertarian Party a while back, but there wasn’t much interest. I figure that by sticking to Facebook, I’m interacting with tens of thousands of people a week, but in person, I could only really contact a few dozen a week at best.
JE: Wow, you are doing great… What is your vision for your page?
JR: Right now, I share libertarian news, but when there’s an election, I try to push LP candidates. I don’t mind if it stays small, because it’s more of a hobby for me.
During the last Presidential election, I was a campaign volunteer for Johnson/Weld and I put a lot of time into using the page to campaign for them.
JE: 6-12,000 sounds great to me…
JR: I am trying to get this group up to 250 so we can run analytics… Hehehe
JE: Your mission?
JR: Don’t really have one. Just to get libertarian messages in front of people’s faces.
JE: Using Facebook… that is a mission statement right there! What makes your page unique among libertarian pages? How does one decide whether to have a page or a group?
JR: There are very few libertarian veterans’ pages, and I’m pretty sure mine is the oldest. I think a group is more of a community of like-minded individuals who want to communicate directly with one another.
I don’t think that’s a bad route for you if you want to keep it as a group for people who have signed up for the Self-Determination Advocates Group, or whatever.
JE: So one of your selling points is as the “oldest libertarian veterans group on Facebook?”
JR: Page not group! A page is more of YOU talking to an audience, but the audience can comment on your posts. If that makes sense. I think you can also make a page and then connect the group and the page.
JE: I am torn…. part of me… I am retired with a small pension and a love for freedom and travel. I want to help unrepresented peoples, defacto nations, and secessionist movements receive recognition through non-violent means. Can you suggest people and organizations I should be aware of?
JR: You could create a page to disseminate information/memes/ etc. and connect the group for people who have officially decided to join and use it to plan meet-ups, etc.
JE: But part of me…. so many ideas…. I just want to throw the ideas out like seeds… and see which ones grow…. hehe.
JR: I know there are plenty of libertarian pages with WAY over 10,000 likes, but I don’t know what their secrets to success are.
JE: I am excited about this Atlas network training… they have webinars on social media and Facebook, and even grants too
JR: I haven’t heard of that.
JE: https://www.atlasnetwork.org/academy/courses So, I started this Page and group… How do we turn it into a community?
JR: Just have to get people commenting and posting. Share posts from your page into the comment sections of other page’s posts.
JE: Great idea… How do I do that from a page? Having trouble sharing the posts in groups
JR: When you are logged into Facebook as yourself, you should see a little circle with a dropdown arrow right next to the Share button on another page’s post. If you click that, you’ll have the option to switch over to your page. Then, if you like or comment on their post, it will show up as your page, instead of you personally.
JE: Thank you, sir

Singing Revolution

Most people don’t think about singing when thinking about revolutions. But in Estonia song was the weapon of choice when, between 1987 and 1991, Estonians wanted to end decades of Soviet occupation.
The Singing Revolution is the name given to the step-by-step process that led to the re-establishment of Estonian independence in 1991.
This was a non-violent revolution that overthrew a very violent occupation. It was called the Singing Revolution because of the role singing played in the protests of the mid-1980s.
But singing had always been a major unifying force for Estonians while they endured fifty years of Soviet rule. The Singing Revolution lasted over four years, with various protests and acts of defiance. In 1991, as Soviet tanks attempted to stop the progress towards independence, the Supreme Soviet of Estonia together with the Congress of Estonia proclaimed the restoration of the independent state of Estonia and repudiated Soviet legislation.
People acted as human shields to protect radio and TV stations from the Soviet tanks. Through these actions, Estonia regained its independence without any bloodshed. Independence was declared on the late evening of 20 August 1991, after an agreement between different political parties was reached.
The next morning Soviet troops, according to Estonian TV, attempted to storm Tallinn TV Tower but were unsuccessful. On 22 August 1991, Iceland became the first nation to recognize the newly restored independence of Estonia.
Today, a plaque commemorating this event is situated on the outside wall of the Foreign Ministry. The plaque reads; “The Republic of Iceland was the first to recognize, on 22 August 1991, the restoration of the independence of the Republic of Estonia,” in Estonian, Icelandic and English.



MY Lives in Kampala, Uganda

He has asked to be interviewed anonymously.

JE: MY, my name is John Elkins and I am taking the Thinktank Navigator course with you. What do you think about the course so far?

MY: Thanks John I think the course is one of the greatest that enables think tanks to flourish. And what are your thoughts on it?

JE: I am also glad to have found a nonprofit incubator… What webinars have you watched? Which have you gotten the most out of?

MY: I watched several, can’t remember all, but some of them are: 1. The rhetoric of liberty with Tom Palmer, 2. Driving social media engagement and reach 3. Creating impactful partnerships: three keys to success, 4. Looking through the Overton window: how to win the battle of ideas and change policy, 5. Leveraging direct mail campaigns- success tips from France,  6. Liberty pod: casting for freedom. The basics of podcasting and how you can use it to share your message,  7. Making tough decisions: how to handle events in light of the COVID-19 outbreak. 

And some more others.

JE: What are you doing in the movement now?

MY: Advancing libertarian on a daily basis contributing towards the revolutionary restructuring of Sudan.

JE: Revolutionary restructuring of Sudan?

MY: Removing the power from the hands of the Islamic Fundamentalist elitist group which have been committing genocides against our masses for decades, that led to the separation of the bigger part of Sudan.

To enable the people to get the power so as to restructure the country on New complete constructive change basis in which no one racist, religious, sectarian, mafia or elitist group have a monopoly over the state and decide on behalf of the people over who will be their enemy or friend. 

Rather people will be free to coexist as individuals and groups who will cooperate with each other voluntarily,  and the state will be there only to facilitate their internal and external flourishing rather than becoming an obstacle to their prosperity and turn one group against the other to benefit the elitist group in power while sinking the masses into hatred and violence.

JE: Wow, you said a mouthful… What do you see as your roll in this?

Role in the road to positive progressive inclusive Sudan for all Sudanese is to create awareness in the field of human rights, liberty, and mobilize masses to demand their stake in the country through peaceful and voluntary means.

Using peaceful protests and sit-ins as it’s going on in several areas within the most war-torn areas like Darfur to pressure the genocidal regime to withdraw and disarm its militias and secure the farms of the farmers. 

So their lives will be undisturbed by the tribal and racist militias which were being armed by the regime of Bashir to carry out genocide in Darfur 18 years ago which have never stopped the atrocities even though the media stopped covering those crimes long ago.

JE: I don’t know anything about Sudan…. is there a libertarian party there?

MY: There has never been an influential political party with libertarian philosophy but there are powerful armed revolutionary movements with libertarian programs and non-armed activism based libertarian movements struggling for a free society.

JE: What are the names of the libertarian movements?

MY: Sudan Liberation Movement/Army led by Abdulwahid Mohammed Alnur is fighting for Libertarian, Democratic, Secular, and Federal Sudan based on equal citizenship rights and obligations. 

The movement has Students’ faction known as the United Popular Front that has the strongest presence in all Sudanese universities that promote values of the free society and create awareness about the misinformation being instilled on the people by the Islamic Fundamentalist State machinery.

Through organizing discussions, informative symposiums, and debates on the daily matters of the state and mostly on the field of marginalized communities and regions of Sudan but also there are other movements with the same name. 

Sudan Liberation Movements with slight or no differences in the name led by other leaders who were initially part of the same movement but broke away to sign peace agreements with the regime. 

Some managed to sign some kind of agreement based on shaky ground that could not bring any positive change on the ground even to themselves so those groups some changed their libertarian principles to other than libertarianism.

They thought it is too radical to accomplish such as libertarian free society and others still claim libertarianism,  but in the field, they have no political or military influence. So the only strongest movement with libertarian principles in Sudan as per now is Sudan Liberation Movement/Army led by Abdulwahid Mohammed Alnur. 

The strongest student-led movement in all Sudanese Universities is its very own student wing United Popular Front that advocates rationally about free prosperous Sudan based on libertarian principles. 

There are individual advocates and civil society organizations which started embracing libertarianism.

JE: On a scale of 1-10 one being totally statist – 10 totally libertarian… How would you rate the Sudan Liberation Movement?

MY: 9. Sudan Liberation Movement/Army did not reject non-violent means rather it was formed in 1992 by university students as one of the nonviolent movements basically to call for the rights of the marginalized people of Sudan.

At the end of 2002, it’s being forced by the regime of Omer Al-Bashir who said that we came to power by the use of guns. Whoever is dreaming of liberty in this country has to take up arms and refuses to listen to the peaceful means of ending human rights violations. 

It left no option for the movement but to take up arms. That’s the language the elitist ruling group could understand at the time but that does not mean Sudan Liberation Movement/Army is only using arms as the means to accomplish a free prosperous peacefully coexisting society. Rather it’s using popular peaceful means of demonstrations and intellectual liberation as great pillars to liberty.

JE: If I were to send you a list of non-violent tactics… Could you tell me if you (SLM) have tried them, how effective they were, and the consequences of using them?

MY: You mean you have the list or want to know about it?

JE: Here is my list;


Formal Statements

                    1. Public Speeches

                    2. Letters of opposition or support

                    3. Declarations by organizations and institutions

                    4. Signed public statements

                    5. Declarations of indictment and intention

                    6. Group or mass petitions

Communications with a Wider Audience

                    7. Slogans, caricatures, and symbols

                    8. Banners, posters, and displayed communications

                    9. Leaflets, pamphlets, and books

                    10. Newspapers and journals

                    11. Records, radio, and television

                    12. Skywriting and earth writing

Group Representations

                    13. Deputations

                    14. Mock awards

                    15. Group lobbying

                    16. Picketing

                    17. Mock elections

Symbolic Public Acts

                    18. Displays of flags and symbolic colors

                    19. Wearing of symbols

                    20. Prayer and worship

                    21. Delivering symbolic objects

                    22. Protest disrobing

                    23. Destruction of own property

                    24. Symbolic lights

                    25. Displays of portraits

                    26. Paint as protest

                    27. New signs and names

                    28. Symbolic sounds

                    29. Symbolic reclamations

                    30. Rude gestures

Pressures on Individuals

                    31. “Haunting” officials

                    32. Taunting officials

                    33. Fraternization

                    34. Vigils

Drama and Music

                    35. Humorous skits and pranks

                    36. Performances of plays and music

                    37. Singing


                    38. Marches

                    39. Parades

                    40. Religious processions

                    41. Pilgrimages

                    42. Motorcades

Honoring the Dead

                    43. Political mourning

                    44. Mock funerals

                    45. Demonstrative funerals

                    46. Homage at burial places

Public Assemblies

                    47. Assemblies of protest or support

                    48. Protest meetings

                    49. Camouflaged meetings of protest

                    50. Teach-ins

Withdrawal and Renunciation

                    51. Walk-outs

                    52. Silence

                    53. Renouncing honors

                    54. Turning one’s back


Ostracism of Persons

                    55. Social boycott

                    56. Selective social boycott

                    57. Lysistratic nonaction

                    58. Excommunication

                    59. Interdict

Noncooperation with Social Events, Customs, and Institutions

                    60. Suspension of social and sports activities

                    61. Boycott of social affairs

                    62. Student strike

                    63. Social disobedience

                    64. Withdrawal from social institutions

Withdrawal from the Social System

                    65. Stay-at-home

                    66. Total personal noncooperation

                    67. “Flight” of workers

                    68. Sanctuary

                    69. Collective disappearance

                    70. Protest emigration (hijrat)


Actions by Consumers

                    71. Consumers’ boycott

                    72. Nonconsumption of boycotted goods

                    73. Policy of austerity

                    74. Rent withholding

                    75. Refusal to rent

                    76. National consumers’ boycott

                    77. International consumers’ boycott

Action by Workers and Producers

                    78. Workmen’s boycott

                    79. Producers’ boycott

Action by Middlemen

                    80. Suppliers’ and handlers’ boycott

Action by Owners and Management

                    81. Traders’ boycott

                    82. Refusal to let or sell property

                    83. Lockout

                    84. Refusal of industrial assistance

                    85. Merchants’ “general strike”

Action by Holders of Financial Resources

                    86. Withdrawal of bank deposits

                    87. Refusal to pay fees, dues, and assessments

                    88. Refusal to pay debts or interest

                    89. Severance of funds and credit

                    90. Revenue refusal

                    91. Refusal of a government’s money

Action by Governments

                    92. Domestic embargo

                    93. Blacklisting of traders

                    94. International sellers’ embargo

                    95. International buyers’ embargo

                    96. International trade embargo


Symbolic Strikes

                    97. Protest strike

                    98. Quickie walkout (lightning strike)

Agricultural Strikes

                    99. Peasant strike

                    100. Farm Workers’ strike

Strikes by Special Groups

                    101. Refusal of impressed labor

                    102. Prisoners’ strike

                    103. Craft strike

                    104. Professional strike

Ordinary Industrial Strikes

                    105. Establishment strike

                    106. Industry strike

                    107. Sympathetic strike

Restricted Strikes

                    108. Detailed strike

                    109. Bumper strike

                    110. Slowdown strike

                    111. Working-to-rule strike

                    112. Reporting “sick” (sick-in)

                    113. Strike by resignation

                    114. Limited strike

                    115. Selective strike

Multi-Industry Strikes

                    116. Generalized strike

                    117. General strike

Combination of Strikes and Economic Closures

                    118. Hartal

                    119. Economic shutdown


Rejection of Authority

                    120. Withholding or withdrawal of allegiance

                    121. Refusal of public support

                    122. Literature and speeches advocating resistance

Citizens’ Non Cooperation with Government

                    123. Boycott of legislative bodies

                    124. Boycott of elections

                    125. Boycott of government employment and positions

                    126. Boycott of government depts., agencies, and other bodies

                    127. Withdrawal from government educational institutions

                    128. Boycott of government-supported organizations

                    129. Refusal of assistance to enforcement agents

                    130. Removal of own signs and placemarks

                    131. Refusal to accept appointed officials

                    132. Refusal to dissolve existing institutions

Citizens’ Alternatives to Obedience

                    133. Reluctant and slow compliance

                    134. Non Obedience in absence of direct supervision

                    135. Popular nonobedience

                    136. Disguised disobedience

                    137. Refusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperse

                    138. Sitdown

                    139. Noncooperation with conscription and deportation

                    140. Hiding, escape, and false identities

                    141. Civil disobedience of “illegitimate” laws

Action by Government Personnel

                    142. Selective refusal of assistance by government aides

                    143. Blocking of lines of command and information

                    144. Stalling and obstruction

                    145. General administrative noncooperation

                    146. Judicial noncooperation

                    147. Deliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agents

                    148. Mutiny

Domestic Governmental Action

                    149. Quasi-legal evasions and delays

                    150. Noncooperation by constituent governmental units

International Governmental Action

                    151. Changes in diplomatic and other representations

                    152. Delay and cancellation of diplomatic events

        153. Withholding of diplomatic recognition

                    154. Severance of diplomatic relations

                    155. Withdrawal from international organizations

                    156. Refusal of membership in international bodies

                    157. Expulsion from international organizations


Psychological Intervention

                    158. Self-exposure to the elements

                    159. The fast

                                        a) Fast of moral pressure

                                        b) Hunger strike

                                        c) Satyagrahic fast

                    160. Reverse trial

                    161. Nonviolent harassment

Physical Intervention

                    162. Sit-in

                    163. Stand-in

                    164. Ride-in

                    165. Wade-in

                    166. Mill-in

                    167. Pray-in

                    168. Nonviolent raids

                    169. Nonviolent air raids

                    170. Nonviolent invasion

                    171. Nonviolent interjection

                    172. Nonviolent obstruction

                    173. Nonviolent occupation

Social Intervention

                    174. Establishing new social patterns

                    175. Overloading of facilities

                    176. Stall-in

                    177. Speak-in

                    178. Guerrilla theater

                    179. Alternative social institutions

                    180. Alternative communication system

Economic Intervention

                    181. Reverse strike

                    182. Stay-in strike

                    183. Nonviolent land seizure

                    184. Defiance of blockades

                    185. Politically motivated counterfeiting

                    186. Preclusive purchasing

                    187. Seizure of assets

                    188. Dumping

                    189. Selective patronage

                    190. Alternative markets

                    191. Alternative transportation systems

                    192. Alternative economic institutions

Political Intervention

                    193. Overloading of administrative systems

                    194. Disclosing identities of secret agents

                    195. Seeking imprisonment

                    196. Civil disobedience of “neutral” laws

                    197. Work-on without collaboration

                    198. Dual sovereignty and parallel government

MY: Great list. Any documents or books in those fields that can break them down in for detailed form

JE: https://www.aeinstein.org/nonviolentaction/198-methods-of-nonviolent-action/


MY: Thanks.

JE: Welcome sir, I appreciate any feedback on SLM experience… that swarthmore link might be best… https://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/browse_methods

MY: Pleasure, And great to know you. I appreciate your friendship

JE: What can I do to help you in your present situation?

MY: Great question. You can help through linking me to better educational opportunities if you can. Engage in our future campaigns. Connect us to wider pro liberty families. And give advice and suggestions on how free prosperous societies develop. Also u can help in linking with leadership mentors.

JE: What do you want to learn?

MY: Advanced leadership and computer science.

JE: https://www.topresume.com/career-advice/free-leadership-training-resources