Slovenia

In Slovenia, a group of intellectuals articulated the case for Slovene independence in 1987, in the magazine Nova Revija. The Committee for the Defense of Human Rights was formed. Demands for democratization and independence for Slovenia forced the communist government to enact a number of democratic reforms. 

In September 1989, constitutional amendments were passed to introduce parliamentary democracy to Slovenia. On 7 March 1990, the Slovenian Assembly changed the official name of the state to the Republic of Slovenia. 

In April 1990, the first democratic elections in Slovenia took place. On 23 December 1990, more than 88% of the electorate voted in a referendum for a sovereign and independent Slovenia. Slovenia declared independence on 25 June 1991. 

The Yugoslav People’s Army invaded on 27 June 1991, which led to the 10-Day War. The result was the Brijuni Agreement and the withdrawal of the Yugoslav army from Slovenia. In December 1991, a new constitution was adopted, followed by laws on denationalization and privatization of state enterprises in 1992. 

The members of the European Union recognized Slovenia as an independent state on 15 January 1992.

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